An Act authorizing the Manumission of Negroes, Mallattoes, & others, and for the gradual Abolition of Slavery, 1784
Whereas all Men are entitled to Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness, yet the holding Mankind in a State of Slavery, as private Property, which has gradually obtained by unrestrained Custom and the Permission of the Laws, is repugnant to this Principle, and subversive of the Happiness of Mankind, the great End of all civil Governments: Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by the Authority thereof it is enacted that no Person or Persons, whether Negroes, Molatoes or others, who shall be born within the Limits of this State, on or after the first day of March AD 1784, shall be deemed or considered as Servants for Life or Slaves; And that all Servitude for Life or Slavery of Children (to be born as aforesaid) in Consequence of the Condition of their Mothers, be and the same is hereby taken away, extinguished & forever abolished.
And whereas Humanity requires that Children declared free as aforesaid remain with their Mothers a convenient Time from and after their Birth, To enable therefore those who claim the Services of such Mothers to maintain and support such Children in a becoming Manner, it is further enacted that such Support and Maintenance be at the Expense of the respective Town where those Reside and are settled, Provided however that the respective Town Councils may bind out such Children as Apprentices, or otherwise provide for their Support and Maintenance, at any Time after they arrive to the age of one Year and before they arrive to their respect ages of Twenty one and Eighteen: And whereas it is the earnest Desire of this Assembly that such Children be educated in the Principles of Morality and Religion, and instructed in reading, writing and Arithmatic, Be it therefore enacted by the Authority aforesaid, that due and adequate Satisfaction be made as aforesaid for such Education and Instruction: And for ascertaining the Allowance for such support and Maintenance, Education and Instruction aforesaid, the respective Town Councils are hereby required to adjust and settle the amounts in this behalf from Time to Time as the same shall be exhibed to them, which Settlement so made shall be final and the respective Towns, by Virtue thereof shall become liable to pay the Sums therein Specified and allowed.
And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid that all Persons held in Servitude or Slavery, who shall be hereafter emancipated by those who claim them, shall be Supported as other Paupers and not at the separate Expense of the Claimants if they become chargeable, provided they shall be between the Ages of Twenty one Years, if Males, and Eighteen Years, if Females, and forty Years, and are of sound Body and Mind, which Shall be judged of, and determined by the Town Councils aforesaid.
In the Lower House, 26 Feb 1784
Read the same Day and concurred
By Order Henry Ward Secretary
Source: Rhode Island Department of State, Virtual Exhibits